Australia and Colonial.
Classification of Telegraph date stamps.


There are many classifications of date stamps used in Australia or in its former Colonies. These classifications address the cancellers used for postal purposes and incidentally refer to Telegraph date stamps.

The Colony/State based nature of these classifications do not accommodate the Australia-wide variations and so a scheme is used in this website to describe all the steel and rubber date stamps which include a reference to Telegraphs across all telegraph authorities. Part of its description rests on the number of circular or oval lines used and their placement. This description follows a logical pattern from the outside of the date stamp in rather than an arbitrary numbering.

The characteristics addressed by the classification are:

  1. material used for the date stamp: brass (B), rubber (R) or steel (S).
  2. shape of the date stamp: circular (C), oval (O), rectangular (R) or octagonal (T)
    The rectangular shape can be further described as being either a horizontal rectangle (H)
    or a vertical rectangle (V).
  3. structure of the surrounding details and the placement of the text.
  4. type of Telegraph Office.
  5. eccentricity - to measure the extent of the oval shape from a circle.

Examples of these classifications are demonstrated now follow.

1. Material and shape:

Material Circular Oval Rectangular
B(rass)   Brass
BO - Brass oval.
 
R(ubber) Berwick
RC - Rubber Circle
Albany
RO — Rubber Oval
Balwyn
RRV — Rubber Rectangle Vertical
S(teel) Burnie
SC - Steel Circle
Not steel Rect 1b

2. Shape.

The main shapes are circular (C), oval (O) or rectangular (R) as shown above.

  The octagonal shape was only used for the Telegraph Department (TD) in Adelaide so does not need to be classified further with the criteria below related to structure. Adelaide 104
RT3-TD: Adelaide, SA.
8 July 1904.

3. Structure.

The next criterion for classification is the structure of the shape. This criterion comments on how many lines make up the shape, where these lines are positioned and their outline. The possibilities and the codes used are summarised below:

Code number Description Example in a Circle or
in a Rectangle
Example in an Oval
1 Single line around the outside. Port Fairy
RRH1-TO: Port Fairy, Vic.
26 August 1949.

(Rubber Rectangular horizontal 1 line -
Telegraph Office).

Mildura
RO1-P&TO.
30 April 1960.

Rubber Oval 1 line - Post & Telegraph Office.

2 Double line around outside which are close together. Kadina
RC2-TO: Kadina, SA.
3 August 1968.

Rubber circular 2 lines - Telegraph Office.

Niridie
RO2-TS: Niddrie, Vic.
19 February 1982.

Rubber Oval 2 lines - Telegraph Section.

3 Double concentric lines but separated up to about 7 mm for text between them. Momebush
RC3-T: Homebush, NSW.
12 February 1940.

Rubber circular 2 lines with
1 line separated to the interior
- Telegraphs.

Townsville ETO
BO3-ETO:Townsville, Qld.
No date.

Brass oval 2 lines with 1 line separated to the interior - Electric Telegraph Office.

The Belt & Buckle design of Victoria (RO3) would also be classified here.

4 Double lines with the inner line wavy/scalloped and text between the outer and the inner lines. Hobart
RC4: Hobart, Tas.
12 April 1923.

Rubber circular 2 lines with 1 line scalloped and separated to the interior.

Cookernup
RO4-PTO: Cookernup, WA.
1 January 1914.

Rubber oval 2 lines with 1 line scalloped and separated to the interior - Post & Telegraph Office.

5 Triple lines at the outside. Tom Price
RC5: Tom Price, W.A.
13 September 1977.

Rubber circular date stamp
with three lines on the outside.


RO5-TO: Claremont, WA.
27 July 1971.

Rubber oval three lines all on the outside -
Telegraph Office.

6 Double lines at the outside and a continuous line inside with text between. No format Adel Oval
RO6-TO: Adelaide Oval, SA.
29 January 1971.

Rubber oval three lines with two on the outside and one separated to the interior - Telegraph Office.

7 Double lines at the outside and a wavy/scalloped line inside with text between. No format Cue 1898
RO7-TO: Cue, WA.
29 October 1898.

Rubber oval three lines with two on the outside and one scalloped and separated to the interior -
Telegraph Office.

4. Type of Telegraph Office.

The final category for the classification is the type of telegraph office. Information on this category is added to the end of the above by adding the initials of the type of office indicated on the date stamp.

For example:

Examples of the addition of this category are included in the above table.

 

5. Eccentricity.

The oval shape used for many Telegraph date stamps in almost all Colonies/States - South Australia appears to be the exception although it does have its octagonal date stamps - is more properly termed an ellipse. This shape is an important member of the Conics family in Mathematics which also includes circles, parabolas and hyperbolas.

Eccentricity is a measure of the extent to which an oval shape (i.e. an ellipse) differs from being a circle.

Most oval date stamps have an e value between about 0.68 and 0.80. To illustrate the values, some examples are provided:

Rockhampton
Rockhampton Electric Telegraph Office.
5 January 1905.
RO2 - ETO.
Size: 27 × 34.5 mm (e = 0.62).
Cue RO2 TO
Cue Telegraph Office in violet.
30 September 1946.
RO2 - TO.
Size: 33 × 43 mm (e = 0.64).
Clifton
Clifton Hill Belt & Buckle - 1 hole in black.
11 March 1893.
RO2 - B&B.
Size: 28 × 38 mm (e = 0.68).
Hobart
Telegraph Office/Hobart in blue.
21 November 1890.
RO6 - TO.
Size: 27 × 41 mm (e = 0.75).
Kalgoorlie
Kalgoorlie Telegraph Office in red.
29 June 1903.
RO2 - TO.
Size: 26 × 54 mm (e = 0.88).

The calculation for eccentricity (e) uses the height of the date stamp and the width:

e calc

The following table provides assistance with calculating the value for the eccentricity. Just type in the values of the height of the oval date stamp and then the width (both measured in mm):

Height (mm): 26
Width (mm): 35.5
Eccentricity: 0.67