Tasmania - Colonial: 1857 - 1900.
Overview of developments.


Summaries are provided below for:

  1. construction of the major telegraph line initiatives;
  2. milestones in the Legislation for and the administration of the Telegraph Department in Tasmania;
  3. the dates for new developments in telegraph forms and date stamps;
  4. extent of usage of the telegraph lines -
    domestic use;
    early international use.

Telegraph lines.

December 1856 The Electric Telegraph Act passed.
8 July 1857 First telegraph line in Tasmania opened (Launceston to Hobart).
   
18 August 1859. First line (cable) to Victoria operational.
24 January 1861 First cable to Victoria abandoned.
30 April 1869 Second cable to Victoria opened - with subsequent duplicate cables in 1885 and 1909.
   

Adminstration

First telegraph legislation:  
First Telegraph Department: 185? and known as the Electric Telegraph 
1857 Mr. W. H. Butcher - the senior partner in the company which erected the first telegraph line - was appointed as the first Superintendent of Telegraphs. His brother (G. B.) was appointed as operator in Launceston.
February/ March 1858 Butcher (W.H.) resigns as Superintendent of Telegraphs to join the company which had won the contract to lay the first cable to Victoria. His brother was appointed as Superintendent of Telegraphs.
1875 Rules and Regulations for Offices inthe Department.
1894 Telegraph Department merged with the Postal Department to form the Post and Telegraph Department.
   

 

Forms and postmarks.

Earliest recorded forms:  
Transmission form: 17 January 1871 at Greenponds (TC-TO-1).
Delivery form: 24 February 1860 at Launceston (TC-DO-1).
Stamps required to pay telegram charges: (probably) 1 January 1896.
Earliest use of a Telegraph date stamp: 21 November 1874 at Telegraph Office.
Earliest use of a date stamp on a telegram form: 3 October 1874 at Green Ponds.

Usage.

Telegraph Offices were opened with increasing frequency although the distances between neighbouring offices became closer - sometimes less than 10 km apart. Although there may be good geographical reasons for such proximity in some cases, there was an over-abundance of Telegraph Offices which in turn developed a financial pressure on the Department of Telegraphs.

A summary of the number of stations and the length of telegraph wire is as follows:

Year No. of Stations Miles of wire
1871 14
1877 45 720
1887 119 1,773
1897 160 24,461
1900 202 28,373

International use.

Int use After telegraphic connection was made to complete the line from Adelaide to Europe, the demand for the international service grew steadily - despite the high rates charged.

The graph shows a constant rise in demand especially after the 10s 6d. per word rate was introduced in 1876.

The data on which the graph is based are included elsewhere.